2019 International New Energy Vehicle Forum
The full-day forum was arranged by the ECCT's Mobility committee in collaboration with the Ministry of Economic Affairs' (EPA), the Ministry of transportation and Communication (MOTC) and the European Economic and Trade Office (EETO). The purpose of the forum was to offer international insights and best practices on topics that are crucial to the future development of NEVs, namely, policies, charging infrastructure and business models. At the event opening re-marks were made by the guests of honour. This was followed by three sessions featuring senior officials and industry experts from Europe and Taiwan. Each session was concluded with a panel discussion in which all speakers from the session participated the morning session focused on the topic "policies, successful cases and challenges" while the two afternoon sessions focused on "Charging infra-structure and business models".
The key conclusions from the forum were as follows:
Authorities in both Europe and Taiwan are committed to the transition to clean mobility.
Taiwan has all the elements required for a successful transition if the government and industry work together to achieve it.
European experience has shown that the majority of consumers willl only choose NEVs if they are affordable and they will only choose Electric Vehicles EVs if they have confidence in the sufficient availability of charging options.
Subsidies tax and other incentives are important to make EV prices comparable to those of traditional Internal Combustion Engine (ICE )vehicles.
The experience of Norway is particularly instructive. While that country offered generous subsidies, tax and other incentives for more than a decade, mass adoption of EVs did not happen until a comprehensive charging infrastructure was in place. Once this happened, it took just eight years for the sale of EVs to reach close to 50% of all new vehicle sales in 2019.
The successful roll-out of EV charging infrastructure requires government support and the cooperation of electricity providers and grid operators.
It was predicted that 90% of charging in future will be slow AC charging but EV users also need the option of fast DC charging.
Grid management is important. The pressure on the power grid needs to be taken into consideration when planning EV charging infrastructure while grid operators need to be able to predict charging needs and meet expectations.
Just like for Wi-Fi and roaming there is a need for common charging standards. Charging operators are not willing to invest in charging stations unless there is a common standard to ensure interoperability and because different standards are confusing for consumers.
The EU chose Combined Charging Standard (CCS) as the common standard for charging equipment in the EU while South Korea and Singapore have also adopted the same standard.
EVs will be part of the smart grid as vehicles connected to the grid can draw as well as give electricity back to the grid. Batteries can play an important role of balancing supply and demand and old batteries can have a second life as energy storage units.
Another important consideration in future is security. Charging systems will need to be secure to prevent hacking, which is why encrypted technology is extremely important.
Given the potential for breakdowns, it is advisable to have more than one charging point within each charging station.
EV charging will create new business and revenue opportunities for charging operators, shopping malls, hotels and other parking lot owners.
The addition off renewable energy sources to the grid will be part of the solution as EVs can be charged using renewable energy and help to balance the energy demand load.